Four traits of character02.09.2019

Each sociotype has distinctive combination of traits that is represented by four letter code.

These traits are grouped by opposites. One side prevails in any sociotype and is represented in the four letter code; however, another side is submissive, weaker, less significant. The sociotype presents what kind of information you process better. It doesn’t exclude that you may gain some knowledge and experience! However, when you acquire that knowledge, but fail to practice, it flies away from memory easily. Only these things we remember well that are natural for us. So, we will show a pair of traits on a scale, where one trait will be at the left, another one at the right.


For example:


Extravert “E” ——-0——- Introvert “I”


One may ask, why one cann’t match the middle point?

In fact, it is a very good question. You may understand it, if you acknowledge that we are living in the civilization where many social standards exist. We reach some of these standards at very best, but we may fail in another ones. The middle point is considered as a place for social expectations at some matter that we strive to observe, otherwise we may feel guilty. All spectrum of social expectations may not be filled in total perfection by anyone. However, through our behaviour we manifest how do we approach for meeting them. Thus, any trait can be viewed as a derogation from social expectations.

One may ask, should this derogation be considered as something bad?

We have really good news for you! Socionics can keep you away from being changed! You have all rights to be what you are. Any trait is morally neutral. However, it is your responsibility, how do you apply your strengths and what are you going to do in situations when you feel weak.

You can attain high goals using your strengths, but if you do it improperly, you may humiliate anothers and destroy their ideas. Likewise, you may confess your weakness in front of colleagues, and thus you may avoid rebukes for failure.

In any compatible relationship you and your partner share strengths and weaknesses for achieving goals. In any incompatible relationship you and your partner easily fail to share strengths and weaknesses, as one partner should renounce or limit own interests and needs for preventing disputes and quarrels. If you choose a job where your strengths are at the best, you will have no shame before colleagues and this will stimulate your personal growth. If you choose a job where your strengths are needless, you feel unsatisfied and easily lose interest.

So far, we hope you are ready for learning!


The first pair of traits is linked to the circulation of energy – where and how person gains energy and how he or she shares it with other people. There are two modes – extraversion or introversion.

Before we proceed, I must warn you that in socionics extraversion and introversion have different meaning, and you should not identify these concepts with those people used to talk about in everyday language. In socionics, extraversion has nothing to do with emotional activity, sociability, energizing people. Similarly, in socionics, introversion has nothing to do with quiteness, keeping distance and secretiveness. So you need only to question yourself – where and how I am comfortable in terms of my energy circulation?

First of all, let us view what behaviour models are common spotted in introverted sociotypes. Introvert:

  • Knows own inner world very well and sees the external world through it
  • Easily bears long periods of loneliness, feels empty after active socialization
  • Avoids telling own opinion in public unless he or she is able to defend it
  • Waits for an iniative from a partner for establishing new relationship, but constantly improves these relationships he or she needs
  • Prefers to work with a small amount of things and to solve small issues, but quickly loses energy when handling many objects or big issues
  • Is focusing on own needs and resources, thus is selective about engaging himself or herself in public activities
  • Is cautious, but may appear being slowly when reaching a goal
  • Is emotionally unstable, may seclude himself or herself from society or hardly recover after irritation.

Now let us view what behaviour models are common spotted in contrary sociotypes. Extravert:

  • Knows external world very well and adjusts own internal world to it
  • Constantly needs active socialization as means for gaining energy, feels empty when needs to spend long periods alone
  • Shares own opinion even if it is speculative and lacks argumentation
  • Establishes new relationships easily, only some of them are deep and permanent
  • Prefers to do many things, provides solution for big issues, but gets bored and loses interest in work with a small quantity of objects or solving small issues
  • Is aligned with concerns of society, constantly engaging himself or herself in public activities
  • Is quick, but in many cases lacks caution when reaching a goal
  • Is emotionally stable, easily recovers after irritation, as quickly grasps vibration of people

As a 1st letter in the code introvert types have letter “I”, but extravert types have letter “E”.



The second pair of traits deals with particularities of perception. Each person lives in a certain time and in a certain space. These traits, sensing and intuition, determine how we manage time and space resources. The concept of intuition and sensing in socionics is close to MBTI, however there are relevant issues when the approach differs! So it is why those who are familiar with MBTI, may be surprised when they discover themselves in socionics as intuitive types although they were considered sensing types through MBTI test, and vice versa.

Now let us bring to light, what is intuition about. Intuition deals with perception of things that are almost invisible, insensible, inaudible, tasteless, odourless, more abstract than concrete. All intuitive types grasp these properties as the first, and only afterwards they react to physical properties. As intuive types have deep insight into things, they have clear picture about available opportunities and threats that may arise in the future. The term ‘intuition’ doesn’t refer to clairvoyance and infallible vision! Likewise, we should avoid to think that all intuitive types possess big picture! Of course, intuitive types are generally more responsive to new information, but they may not live through big picture, just upload a piece of information what they really need. ‘Big picture’ is a more complex issue, it involves action of many functions of psyche; perhaps, it is a certain state of intellect.

Now let us state behaviour patterns that are common for intuitive type:

  • Behind the physical reality notices in details all abstract realities like concepts, ideas, patterns, associations, styles
  • Constantly takes care for harmony in time, easily detects course of time and consequences of actions
  • In periods of reflection makes journey in time and space
  • Is unorthodox, independent and inventive in creativity: renews, reinterprets and makes new concepts, styles, ideas
  • Is interested and productive in solving obscure issues, may easily lose interest in solving well-known issues
  • Before execution of any operation always identifies causes and effects
  • Makes relationships in unobtrusive manner, considers union of souls as a ground for stable relationship
  • His or her productivity depends more on changes of mood, if compared to changes of muscular tonus
  • Avoids harsh and direct statements in language, hardly verbalizes needs and desires

Sensing is an opposite to intuition. Sensing is a very concrete perception by nature, it focuses on physical details. It doesn’t mean that sensing is omnipotent and infallible perception! One may enjoy complete perception if sensing and intuition get united. However, it is impossible! The complete perception of the world becomes possible when compatible sensing and intuitive types start sharing observations together.

As well, we have to notice that perception through sensing cann’t be equalized to the perception of reality! Sensing is to be considered as concrete reality and intuition as abstract reality, but we need both! For example, if a fashion company lacks intuitive type, it cann’t provide customer with original costume, but if fashion company lacks sensing type, it may lose time for selection of right accesories.

Now let us state behaviour patterns that are common for sensing type. Sensing:

  • Notices in details all physical realities like taste, odour, colour, shape, sound, texture, and make a quick response to them
  • Constantly takes care for harmony in space, easily detects what is needed for making everyday life comfortable
  • In periods of reflection constantly focuses on current state or needs
  • Is conservative, dependent and practical in creativity: imitates, adapts, combines and implements ideas of other authorship
  • Is productive and keeps interest in solving well-known issues, restrains from solving obscure issues
  • Fills operation without delay, trusts in common sense, rarely identifies causes and effects
  • Makes relationships directly, considers mutual physical attractiveness as a ground for stable relationship
  • Is very specific and direct in language, easily verbalizes needs and desires

As a 2nd letter in the code intuitive types have letter “N”, but sensing types have letter “S”.

The third pair of traits determines how we open up into public and what are we better to present. The first option is logics, the second option is ethics. Logics and ethics in socionics are designations that were suggested by Aušra Augustinavičiūte. She insisted for renaming analogous Jungian dichotomy ‘thinking vs. feeling’, as she found original designations pejorative and discriminative, for feeling types think and logical types have feelings. However, the behaviour patterns of these types principally differ in attitude, logical or ethical. In this context ethics is linked more to behaviour analysis than to morals; however, logics is linked to strict application of logical principles.

Unlike MBTI, socionics don’t equalize logics and ethics with decision making and ability to carry corresponding decisions. In fact, decision making is a more complex issue. There are some Reinin dichotomies in socionics that are crucial for understanding decision making process; however, we present this information in courses for those who want to learn socionics in more advanced level.


Now let us state behaviour patterns that are common for logical type:

  • Uses argumentation as a means of influence
  • Understands principles how objects are or should be structured or classified, lacks attention to relationships between them
  • Is convinced about own competence, opinion and righteousness, avoids active exchange of information with neighbours or colleagues
  • Hardly opens to love, proves love by deeds not by words
  • Makes detailed plans, hardly engages other people in them
  • Avoids to share his or her inner feelings in public, holds his or her feelings under control
  • Avoids participation in quarrels and disputes related to relationship issues, treats everyone objectively


Now let us state behaviour patterns that are common for ethical type:


  • Uses persuasion as a means of influence
  • Focuses attention on relationships between objects, hardly applies principles of classification and structurization
  • Actively exchanges information with neighbours or colleagues, doubts own competence, opinion and righteousness
  • Proves love by words, strives to be loved
  • Hardly makes detailed plans, easily engages everyone in carrying them out
  • Easily shares own feelings in public, may even exaggerate them, takes many things too personally
  • Engages in quarrels and disputes related to relationship issues, hardly closes them

As a 3rd letter in the code ethical types have letter “F”, but logical types have letter “T”.



The fourth pair of traits determines movement of life. Generally, there are two options – whether you strive to adjust your life according certain prescribtions and principles, looking for a stable life, whether you are open to challenges, defend your choice to live life as you sense it.

In MBTI, Jungian original dichotomy “rationality vs. irrationality” was replaced with concept of “judging vs. perceiving”. We should note, that in MBTI test judging behavioural patterns are closer to rationality, but perceiving behavioural patterns are closer to irrationality. Some worst qualities of judging are linked to sensing and logics in socionics, some worst qualities of perceiving are linked to intuition. So, you may find that your sociotype may differ from the type you got as result of MBTI test!

Now let us state behaviour patterns that are common for rational types:


  • Shows own professional competences at the best when a long-term stability must be attained
  • Focuses more on changes in prescriptions (for example, violation of law) than to particularities in the situation
  • Under emotional pressure always expresses judgments, sometimes they are too harsh and decretory
  • Promotes stability in society through laws and prescriptions
  • When carrying out an idea, first of all examines resources that are in his or her disposition
  • Prefers small, but frequent changes
  • Protects own values and own feelings from outside influence, easily stifles own instincts


Now let us state behaviour patterns that are common for irrational types:


  • Shows own professional competences at the best when a rapid result must be attained
  • Focuses more on changes of particularities in the situation than to changes in prescriptions
  • Promotes individualization, freedom from any restrictions
  • When carrying out an idea, first of all examines his or her desire
  • Looks for more powerful changes, little changes may leave him or her indifferent
  • Protects own instincts from outside influence, easily changes own attitude


As a 4th letter in the code rational types have letter “J”, but irrational types have letter “P”.



Now you should unite these four letters and get your type!

However, you must compare the result with characteristics of sociotype! The accuracy must be 75% and more!

This method should not be regarded as unique for identifying sociotype. If one fails to respond to this questionary, it might be linked to own interpretation of words. From our experience we may confirm that ENFP hardly recognizes his or her true nature when asked to fill this questionary.

In any case we suggest you to contact a counselor of socionics for an interview. It may give you better understanding who you are.